Older publications

Microsatellites reveal that genetic mixing commonly occurs between invasive fall armyworm populations in Africa Scientific Reports 11(1): 20757PDF

Updated assessment of potential biopesticide options for managing fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) in Africa Journal of Applied Entomology 145 (5): 384-393. PDF

Rapid spread of a symbiotic virus in a major crop pest following wide-scale adoption of Bt-cotton in China eLife 2021;10:e66913PDF

Trans-generational viral transmission and immune priming are dose-dependent Journal of Animal Ecology 90(6):1560-1569PDF

Macronutrients modulate survival to infection and immunity in Drosophila Journal of Animal Ecology 89: 460-470 PDF

Osmolality as a novel mechanism explaining diet effects on the outcome of infection with a blood parasite Current Biology 30: 2459-2467PDF

Novel partiti-like viruses are conditional mutualistic symbionts in their normal lepidopteran host, African armyworm, but parasitic in a novel host, Fall armyworm PLoS Pathogens 16(6): e1008467PDF

A novel formulation technology for baculoviruses protects biopesticide from degradation by ultraviolet radiation Scientific Reports 10 13301: 1-10PDF

Genetic structure and insecticide resistance characteristics of fall armyworm populations invading China Molecular Ecology Resources 20 (6): 1682–1696PDF

Survival costs of reproduction are mediated by parasite infection in wild Soay sheep. Ecology Letters 22(8): 1203-1213.PDF

Reproductive effort influences intra-seasonal variation in parasite-specific antibody responses in wild Soay sheep. Functional Ecology 33(7): 1307-1320. PDF

Diet modulates the relationship between immune gene expression and functional immune responses. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 109: 128-141.PDF

Goodbye and farewell to print. Journal of Animal Ecology 88 (1): 4-7. PDF

Discovery and characterization of a novel picorna-like RNA virus in the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 160(1): 1-7 PDF

And the winner of the inaugural Sidnie Manton Award is …. And the winner of the inaugural Sidnie Manton Award is .... Journal of Animal Ecology 87 (3): 527-529. PDF

The tethered flight technique as a tool for studying life-history strategies associated with migration in insects. Ecological Entomology (in press)PDF

Bacterial communities associated with honey bee food stores are correlated with land use. Ecology & Evolution (in press)PDF

Little impact of over-winter parasitism on a free-ranging ungulate in the high Arctic. Functional Ecology (in press)PDF

Transparency and open processes in Journal of Animal Ecology. Journal of Animal Ecology 87 (1): 1-3..PDF

Nutritional composition of honey bee food stores varies with floral composition. Oecologia 185 (4): 749-761.PDF

Fifty important research questions in microbial ecology. FEMS Microbiology Ecology: 93 (5) PDF

Differences in the progress of the biopesticide revolution between the EU and other major crop growing regions. Pest Management Science 73 (11): 2203-2208.PDF

Characterization of a novel member of genus Iflavirus in Helicoverpa armigera. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 144: 65-73PDF

Structure and transcription of the Helicoverpa armigera densovirus (HaDV2) genome and its expression strategy in LD652 cells. Virology Journal 14: 23PDF

Is Heliothis viriplaca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) a long-distance migrant?. Bulletin of Entomological Research 106: 740-748.PDF

Trade-offs and mixed infections in an obligate-killing insect pathogen. Journal of Animal Ecology 85(5): 1200–1209. PDF

Exposure to viral and bacterial pathogens among Soay sheep (Ovis aries) of the St Kilda archipelago. Epidemiology and InfectionPDF

Behavioural microbiomics: a multi-dimensional approach to microbial influence on behaviour. Frontiers in Microbiology 6:1359. PDF

Development of a real-time qPCR assay for quantification of covert baculovirus infections in a major African crop pest. Insects 6(3): 746-759.PDF

Transgenerational effects modulate density-dependent prophylactic resistance to viral infection in a lepidopteran pest. Biology Letters 11: 20150012.PDF

Evidence for a pervasive ‘idling-mode’ activity template in flying and pedestrian insects. Royal Society Open Science 2: 150085.PDF

Body condition constrains immune function in field populations of female Australian plague locust Chortoicetes terminifera. Parasite Immunology 37: 233-241.PDF

Long-range seasonal migration in insects: mechanisms, evolutionary drivers and ecological consequences. Ecology Letters 18(3): 287-302.PDF

Life history correlates of faecal bacterial species richness in a wild population of the blue tit Cyanistes caeruleus. Ecology & Evolution 5(4): 821-836. PDF

Macronutrients mediate the functional relationship between Drosophila and Wolbachia. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B. 282: 20142029. PDF

Locusts increase carbohydrate consumption to protect against a fungal biopesticide. Journal of Insect Physiology 69 (OCT 2014): 27-34;PDF

Densovirus is a mutualistic symbiont of a global crop pest (Helicoverpa armigera) and protects against a baculovirus and Bt biopesticide. PLoS Pathogens 10 (10): e1004490.PDF

Honey bee nutrition is linked to landscape composition. Ecology & Evolution 4(21): 4195-4206PDF

The use of indigenous ecological resources for pest control in Africa. Food Security: 6: 71–86.PDF

Dynamics of macronutrient self-medication and illness-induced anorexia in virally-infected insects. Journal of Animal Ecology 83: 245-255. PDF

The times they are a-changin’: evolution and revolution in animal ecology publishing. Journal of Animal Ecology 83: 1-4.PDF

Books and Chapters

  • Chapters
    • Density-dependent prophylaxis in insects

      Ch6 Abstract: Parasites and pathogens are a ubiquitous threat facing all organisms. Life-history theory predicts that if investment in parasite resistance mechanisms is costly (as suggested by numerous studies), then organisms should tailor their investment in them to match their perceived risk of infection. Because most parasites are transmitted in a positively density-dependent manner, the threat from parasites tends to increase as population density increases. As a result, it is predicted that organisms should use population density as a cue to the risk of becoming infected and should increase investment in disease resistance mechanisms as the degree of crowding increases—this is known as density-dependent prophylaxis (DDP). This phenomenon has been experimentally tested in a number of insect species, and in most cases support for the DDP hypothesis has been forthcoming. DDP is likely to be particularly prevalent in species exhibiting density-dependent phase polyphenism (i.e. the phenotype adopted by the insect is plastic and dependent on the population density it experiences during its early development). We discuss the hormonal and genetic mechanisms underlying phase polyphenism and DDP, and speculate on the circumstances leading to their evolution. We end by discussing how future research into DDP might develop.

      Wilson, K. & Cotter, S.C.

  • Books
    • Wildlife Disease Ecology: Linking Theory to Data and Application

      Just like humans, animals and plants suffer from infectious diseases, which can critically threaten biodiversity. This book describes key studies that have driven our understanding of the ecology and evolution of wildlife diseases. Each chapter introduces the host and disease, and explains how that system has aided our general understanding of the evolution and spread of wildlife diseases, through the development and testing of important epidemiological and evolutionary theories. Questions addressed include: How do hosts and parasites co-evolve? What determines how fast a disease spreads through a population? How do co-infecting parasites interact? Why do hosts vary in parasite burden? Which factors determine parasite virulence and host resistance? How do parasites influence the spread of invasive species? How do we control infectious diseases in wildlife? This book will provide a valuable introduction to students new to the topic, and novel insights to researchers, professionals and policymakers working in the field.

      Kenneth Wilson, Andy Fenton & Dan Tompkins